As a matter of fact, there will always be at least a number of Marias in every Greek household. My Yiayia still calls my youngest uncle ‘to paidi’ and I am still referred to as ‘the paidi’ or ‘the mikri’ in my household. If we’re the youngest of the family, regardless of our age, we’ll at all times and endlessly be known as “to paidi” .
Perhaps, somewhat bit extra of the sense of texture of women’s lives. And the legislation is that a lady of any age has to have an grownup male guardian. If the husband died or the daddy died, then she would pass into the care of any number of male family members. They could testify at trials, however they might not, for instance, personal property.
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What we’re seeing right here, and it’s vividly represented on this vase, is definitely the switch of a young woman from one family to another. From the Oikos, there’s that word once more, we’ve seen it time and again. From the Oikos of presumably her father or mother or her former guardian, now to the guardianship of her husband. That’s the place the word economics comes from, the managing the household.
Because it says women in Greek life, it’s really we’ll be concentrating totally on Athens as a result of that’s primarily where our proof comes from. And the evidence for women’s lives is, as at all times, something that we have to handle with super warning. After Sappho, there are very few women who converse in their very own voices.
Ideologically, we will take a step back for a second, men had been outdoors, in movement. They were in the fields, or they were in the Agara, or they have been at the council, or the meeting, or a regulation court.
Or if the groom was underage, with the groom’s parent or protector. And we’ve a remarkable vase, it’s within the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, that shows https://yourmailorderbride.com/greek-women/ the main points of a marriage procession. And you see a few of the celebrants right here, using in a single cart.
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Everything they’d was under the control of a minimum of nominally, underneath the management of was called the Kyrios, which is also the word for lord. And so, let me repeat that a lady of any age or any accomplishment was, in some ways, had the authorized, had the legal standing of a child. For most women, actually for many respectable women, marriage was the purpose. And in a well-known phrase, it’s been mentioned that marriage is for the woman what warfare is for the man.
How many instances has my Yiayia informed me my fortune by trying at the coffee stains of her ‘Eliniko café? If you have simply turned, in English terms, 35, the Greeks will say you’re 36. They will say you have just closed the thirty sixth year of your life.
Then, the happy couple, with the bride holding a type of wreath indicating her new standing, and the groom holding the reigns. And where they are going is to the groom’s family where a feminine figure, who might be his mom, that is the mom-in-regulation, is ready to receive the joyful couple.
We’ve heard a lady’s voice already in our course, and that, after all, is Sappho, back within the Archaic Age. About the identical time Sappho was composing, this beautiful statue, the so-called Peplos Kore, was being made.
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That is, that moment of coming to maturation, of turning into a full member, so to talk, of the society. But we have to add something here as properly, which is that, so far as we will tell, on common, the age for a girl to get married was in her early teens, simply after Menarche. So for example about 14, and it was typically to a man very much older, in all probability in his late 20s or early 30s. Marriages have been organized by the Kyrios who came to an settlement with the groom.
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We’ve seen the male equivalent there of the Kuros, the striding nude youth. I wish to just introduce this now because we’re going to be talking in this lecture about the lives of women. In some ways, today’s lecture title is somewhat bit deceptive.
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So, we have to depend on some official documents, like inscriptions, or official information like speeches in legislation circumstances. We saw one of many biggest female characters in Greek literature once we talked about Antigone, though all too briefly. But, these literary representations, I simply repeat, should be handled very, very rigorously as a result of they had been, in spite of everything, being composed by men for a predominately male audience to be played by men within the theater. We can get some thought of women’s lives from things like grave inscriptions and grave statuary and visible artwork generally. We’re going to be taking a look at numerous vase paintings which is able to give us some sense, I think.